1. 【備考】職稱英語詞匯:常用前/后綴

               表示時間的前綴:

                1.fore-:before 前、預先

                forecast v.& n.預測;預示

                例句:

                Such events may forecast an outbreak of war.

                這些事件可能預示著戰爭的爆發。

                foretell v.預言;預告

                例句:

                We can't foretell how the world will end.

                我們不能預言世界將如何終結。

                foreground n.前景

                例句:

                The figure in the foreground is the artist's mother.

                圖畫前景中的人是畫家的母親。

                foresee vt.預見;預知

                例句:

                It is difficult to foresee the consequences that may arise from this action.

                預見這一行動可能產生的后果是困難的。

                2.pre-:before 之前

                prehistory n.史前

                例句:

                In the long period,the researches of prehistory are abundant.

                在漫長的時間長河中,對于史前文明的研究可謂浩瀚如星海。

                prerequisite n.先決條件;

                例句:

                Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.

                良好的自尊心是幸福生活的先決條件。

                prelude n.序言前奏曲;序幕

                例句:

                The rural reform has opened the prelude of China's reform and opening-up.

                農村改革揭開了中國改革開放的序幕。

                3.pro-:預先的

                prologue n.序言,序幕;

                例句:

                The prologue of the book is a famous writer.

                這本書的序言是由一個著名作家寫的。

                prophet n.先知,預言家

                E.g.He holds the belief that he is a latter-day prophet.

                他深信自己是當代先知。

                4.post-:after 之后

                postwar n.戰后

                例句:

                During the postwar years in Germany,many honors were heaped upon Einstein.

                在戰后的歲月里,愛因斯坦在德國得到了種種榮譽。

                postgraduate n.研究生

                例句:

                She has satisfied the entrance requirements for a postgraduate.

                她符合研究生入學條件。

                5.retro-:back往后的

                retrograde adj.倒退的

                例句:

                This is,as far as we're concerned,a real retrograde step for human rights.

                對我們而言,這是在人權問題上真正倒退的一步。

                retrospect v.& n.回顧

                例句:

                It was,in retrospect,the happiest day of her life.

                回想起來,那是她一生*幸福的日子。

                常用名詞后綴:

                1.-an:

                electrician n.電工;電氣技師

                例句:

                The electrician took the houselights down.

                電工將劇場中觀眾席上的燈光減弱了一點。

                physician n.[醫] 醫師,內科醫師

                例句:

                He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.

                他喜歡當外科醫生而不愿作內科醫生。

                2.-ant,-ent:

                applicant n.申請人

                例句:

                The job applicant must have good verbal skills.

                應聘這份工作的人必須具有良好的語言表達技能。

                correspondent n.通信者

                例句:The newspaper has a foreign correspondent.

                這家報紙有個外國通訊記者。

                3.-ard:

                coward n.懦夫,懦弱的人

                例句:

                She accused her husband of being a coward.

                她指責自己的丈夫是個膽小鬼。

                drunkard n.酒鬼,醉漢

                例句:

                That drunkard flung out the empty bottle.

                那個醉漢把空瓶扔了出來。

                4.-ee:

                employee n.雇員

                例句:

                The boss dismissed that employee.

                老板解雇了那個雇員。

                examinee n.應試者

                例句:

                It required that every examinee put down his/her name on the answer sheet.

                要求所有考生都把自己的姓名寫在答題紙上。

                5.-eer:

                pioneer n.開拓者,先鋒

                例句:

                Li Dazhao was a pioneer of the Chinese revolution.

                李大釗是中國革命的先驅。

                volunteer n.志愿者

                例句:

                She now helps in a local school as a volunteer three days a week.

                她現在作為一名志愿者每周三天在當地一所學校幫忙。

                6.-er,-or:

                manufacturer n.制造商

                例句:

                All the goods are labelled with the address of the manufacturer.

                所有商品均標明了生產廠家的地址。

                survivor n.幸存者

                例句:

                Officials said there were no survivors of the plane crash.

                官方說這次飛機失事無一人生還。

                7.-ese:

                Chin(a) + ese→Chinese n.中國人;漢語

                例句:

                Remember you are a Chinese wherever you go.

                不論你到哪里,記住你是中國人。

                Japan + ese→Japanese n.日本人;日語

                例句:

                Not only did he speak English well,but he spoke Japanese more easily.

                他不但英語說得好,就連日語也講得輕松自如。

                8.-(r)ess:

                host+ ess→hostess n.女主人

                例句:

                The hostess gave us a cordial greeting.

                女主人熱忱地歡迎我們。

                act+ ress→actress n.女演員

                例句:

                The famous actress is now appearing at the Capital Theatre.

                目前這位著名女演員正在首都劇場演出。

                9.-ian:

                logic+ ian→logician n.邏輯學家

                例句:

                As the founder of pragmatism,firstly and mostly Peirce was a logician.

                作為實用主義的鼻祖,皮爾士首先和主要是一位邏輯學家。

                mathematic+ ian→mathematician n.數學家

                例句:

                Einstein is identified with a higher mathematician.

                愛因斯坦被列為高等數學家。

                10.-ist:

                drama+ (t)ist→dramatist n.劇作家

                例句:

                Shakespeare is,by common consent,the greatest English dramatist.

                莎士比亞被公認是英國*偉大的劇作家。

                dent+ ist→dentist n.牙科醫生

                例句:

                The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.

                牙醫告誡這男孩不要吃太多糖果。

                11.-ster:

                young+ ster→youngster n.年輕人

                例句:

                That youngster works with a will.

                這小伙子干活有股傻勁兒。

                gang+ ster→gangster n.歹徒

                例句:

                The police are hard on the track of the gangster.

                警察正在追蹤那名匪徒。


              所屬類別:
              英語培訓
              職稱英語培訓
              神马电影我不卡